Monday, October 28, 2013

Sham -e- Awadh (Lucknow)


              1. Sham E Awadh - LUCKNOW
              2. Residency

My first visit to Lucknow was in 1992 when I joined Ranbaxy, since than I have been to Lucknow many times but never visited any tourist place there in these last 18 years.

In February 2011, I had to attend a conference in SGPGI. On Sunday the conference got over after Lunch. After the wind up I left for the hotel. There I dropped my conference stuff, changed clothes & left hotel to visit Bada Imambara , Chota Imambara & Residency.

Lucknow is the capital of Uttar Pradesh which is situated at the bank of river Gomti. It is known for its Tehzeeb , Nazakat & Nawabs. Lucknow has rich History. From 1775 to 1856, it was capital of Awadh. It was named after Lakshman (younger brother of Lord Rama). Earlier it was known as Lakshman Puri than Lakhan Puri & now known as Lucknow. It is famous for Mughal Cuisine, Mangoes, Rewari & Chicken work in clothes.

I started my visit with one of the Lucknow’s famous monuments Bada Immabara.It is situated at 06 kms from Lucknow Railway Station. It was built by Nawab Asafud Daula in 1784. It took almost six years to be completed.

Bada Immabara

The construction was started for a noble cause as a relief to the famine struck citizen of Awadh. The constructed part of the building was used to be destroyed in the evening & it continued till the famine was over.In return labourers received money & food for their families.

Courtyard - Bada Immabara

Gate - Bada Immabara
Gate - Bada Immabara

Gate - Bada Immabara

The building was constructed by an architect Kaifyatulah.

The complex has following attraction:- 

1. Main Building
2. Bhulbhuliya
3. Asafud daulan Mosque
4. Bowali (Well)

Main Building – As you enter inside the building , there is a wide courtyard in the front and further inside there are three halls which are known as Chinese , Persian & Indian Hall.

Main Bulding - Bada Immabara

The main hall is 49.4 mtrs long & 16.2 mtrs wide with out any pillar support. It is said that this hall is the largest hall in world without external support of wood , iron or stone beam.

Main Building - Bada Imambara 

Main Building - Bada Imambara 

You can listen to the sound of match stick at the other end of hall without any echo. If you happen to be there, please do observe this uniqueness.

Main Building - Bada Imambara 

There is a dargah (Graveyard) of Nawab Asafud daula & Archietect Kaifyatulah.

Main Building - Bada Immabara

main Building - Bada Immabara

Bhulbhuliya – On the right side of main building the stairs go up for Bhulbhuliya I suppose the entrance & exit is after 45th step. Please note that the entrance & exit are from the same door. The guide can make you feel the whisper sound through wall. 

Stairs to Bhulbhuliya

There are four hundred & nine narrow stairway passages, some of which are dead ends. At every crossing there are four ways out of which three are wrong. It is difficult to come out alone so take the help of guide. 

Passage - Bhulbhuliya

From the top floor you can enjoy the beautiful view of the city.

Bhulbhuliya - Top floor

View from top floor - Bhulbhuliya

Asafud daulan Mosque
– On the left side of the main building you can see Asafud daulan Mosque. This mosque is with sculptured domes & minarets, thousands of people of Lucknow reach here on Friday to offer Namaz.

Asafud daulan Mosque - Bada Imambara 

Asafud daulan Mosque - Bada Imambara 

Bawali – On the eastern side you can see a amazing five stories Shahi Bawali (Step Well) which is connected to river Gomti. The first two stories are above water & rest is below water. As per Guide if you look from the eastern side of well, you can see the image of person approaching the well in water but that person can not see you. This was a great architectural art from the security point of view.

Bawali (Step Well)

Bawali (Step Well)

After visting Bada Imambara I came out from the building & took an auto to visit Chota Imambara which is situated about 01 km. from Bara Imambara. It was built by Nawab Mohammad Ali Shah in 1837. Attractive Chandeliers were brought from Belgium. It is also known as palace of light. 

Chota Imambara 

close up - Chota Imambara 

The central hall of Chota Imambara lies in the graves of Nawab Mohammad Ali Shah & his mother Malika Aliya.
You can see the replica of Taj Mahal in the campus of Chota Imambara.

Replica of Taj Mahal - Chota Imambara

On the left side of Chota Imambara is Shahi Hamam (Bathroom) where there is a provision of hot and cold water at the same place.

Shahi Hamam - Chota Imambara 

Shahi Hamam - Chota Imambara 

Picture Gallery – In between Bada Imambara & Chota Imambara there is Picture Gallery where there is a collection of portrait of the rulers of Awadh. Some of the 3D paintings are mind blowing.

Picture Gallery 

Picture Gallery 

Entry Ticket – Combined ticket for Bara Imambara , Bhulbhuliya , Bawali , Chota Imambara & Picture Gallery is Rs. 35/-
Guide Charges – Rs. 150/- per group.

Chota Imambara

After visiting these places, I explored Residency which I will cover in my next post.

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